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Agaram aqua technologies the most common water treatment problem found in the home is that having high mineral content such as magnesium and chalky calcium. This condition is commonly known as hard water  especia Ally with high levels of calcium, can clog pipes with mineral build up left behind as the water flows through the pipes. It can also build up a scale inside pipes that get hot such as with baseboard hot water heat or your hot water faucet tap or shower doors. It also prevents the full lathering of soap or shampoo.Hard water can be treated with an appliance known as a water softener To test and see if you have hard water in your house follow the process outlined on the next page.

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AGARAM AQUA TECHNOLOGIES Water softeners are different methods of reducing the amounts of magnesium and calcium found in water. Some water softeners also reduce both iron ions and manganese as well. These minerals are responsible for the experience of hard water, which most people find to be very undesirable, for a number of reasons. Hard water isn’t dangerous, or unhealthy, but it can cause additional headaches in keeping surfaces clean, and softening water alleviates these concerns.

The metal ions found in hard water react with soaps, making them lather less, and causing them to leave a visible ring on surfaces, such as that commonly found in bathtubs using hard water. Both calcium and magnesium also form deposits when hard water is used for extended periods of time. This can cause build up on things like metal pipes, metal boilers, and on the insides of tea kettles. When severe enough, this build-up can actually be destructive to equipment, because it can serve as a thermal insulator, leading to the possibility that metal equipment will overheat.

The most common household form of water softeners is ion exchanging resin devices. There are three main types of water softeners, categorized based on what salt they use: sodium, potassium, or hydrogen. These water softeners have a bed of resin that water is passed through. The resin is negatively-charged, and so binds to the positively charged metal ions in the hard water. Specifically, univalent sodium, potassium, or hydrogen is used in the resin, and exchanges with the divalent magnesium and calcium ions. This type of exchange means that as magnesium and calcium is drawn out of the water, more sodium, potassium, or hydrogen is released into the water.

Over time, these types of water softeners will deplete, since they are releasing their sodium, potassium, or hydrogen molecules into water as it passes through. The resin can then be regenerated, by passing some sort of brine through the resin. Depending on the type of resin, the brine used is different, with sodium chloride refreshing sodium resin, potassium chloride refreshing potassium resin, and hydroelectric acid refreshing hydrogen resin.

These bribes can cause environmental problems if released in bulk after being used; so many regions require large water softening plants to recapture the brine to dispose of it properly. One side effect of resin water softeners is that the water can actually become quite sodium loaded if the water was very hard to begin with, with up to 250mg of sodium per liter added to very hard water during the softening process.

Water softeners can be regenerated in three different ways: by meter, on a timer, or manually. Meter regeneration functions by tracking how much water is being used. Usually when set up, a meter is based on how many people use the water, and how hard the water is. This is the most popular type of water softener, and also the most efficient. Timer regeneration works by regenerating on a set schedule, such as once a week. Timer systems are cheaper to set up than meter systems, but are much less efficient in their use of salts. Lastly, manual regeneration works simply by allowing the user to go in and regenerate the softener whenever it needs it, but without any sort of automated tracking. This type of softener is both cheap and efficient, but is only really viable when smaller amounts of water are being softened. For more www.agaramaquatech.com 09962720105

 

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How a Water Softener Works

1) Control Valve- directs the flow of the water within the unit and determines when the unit needs to regenerate

2) Ion Exchange Resin- small polymer beads that attract the hardness minerals in exchange for sodium ions

3) Pressure Tank - contains the ion exchange resin

4) Salt Cabinet or Brine Tank- contains the salt to make the brine solution that is used to regenerate the ion resin bed

The Softening Process  A water softener exchanges calcium and magnesium ions (hardness minerals) for sodium ions. The raw water runs through a bed of small resin beads contained in the pressure tank. Sites on the beads are covered with sodium ions. As the water runs through the bed, the calcium and magnesium ions are exchanged with sodium ions. Eventually the resin beads will contain only hardness minerals.

The hardness of water is caused by Ca and Mg ions dissolved in water, which, separating from water in the form of scale, cause damage to household equipment. Due to thicker and thicker scale crust, the lifespan of such equipment is reduced, efficiency is impaired and the operation becomes more expensive.

In addition to washing machines, coffee percolators, dishwashers and other household appliances, scale formation causes damage to ceramic disc faucets, water pipes, water heaters and boilers.
As far as soft water produced by water softeners is concerned, you do not have to allow for such inconveniences any more.
What are the advantages of using soft water?

  • Soft water means less household work and considerable economy!
  • When washing clothes, washing up dishes, you may save up to 40% of detergent, and do not have to use water softening additives
  • Clothes will be softer, cleaner and preserve their color longer
  • In the kitchen, water drops dry up from cutlery, glasses without a trace
  • Tiles, faucets will be spotless, bright
  • When soft water is used, meals are more delicious, tea and coffee are more aromatic
  • After shower and bath, your skin will be really clean and velvety, your hair softer and more springy
  • After bath, no uncomfortable itching will occur for those with sensitive skin
  • Men may say good-bye to burning sensation after shaving
  • There will be no scale crust in boilers, water heaters, there will be no need to replace water pipes in the wall
  • Your household appliances will use less energy, have longer lifespan, their operation costs will considerably decrease

The process of water softening

Our water softeners operate on the basis of the so called ion exchange process. Hard water flows through high quality Cation-exchange resin which is filled in a plastic pressure vessel. The resin extracts calcium and magnesium ions from raw water and exchanges them for sodium ions.
The ion exchanger resin loses its water softening capacity after a certain water flow. The water softener regenerates exhausted resin with the help of an automatic control valve, using NaCl solution. Remove Hardness of Water for the Entire Home

Water is a very important compound that all living things must have to able to survive. In this particular article we will differentiate water into two types; hard water and soft water. Soft water is treated water where sodium is used to remove impurities, while hard water is made up of dissolved minerals including charged ions like magnesium and calcium.

 

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Agaram aqua technologies the most common water treatment problem found in the home is that having high mineral content such as magnesium and chalky calcium. This condition is commonly known as hard water  especia Ally with high levels of calcium, can clog pipes with mineral build up left behind as the water flows through the pipes. It can also build up a scale inside pipes that get hot such as with baseboard hot water heat or your hot water faucet tap or shower doors. It also prevents the full lathering of soap or shampoo.Hard water can be treated with an appliance known as a water softener To test and see if you have hard water in your house follow the process.topaat soft_softening aat